Boomers Heard Music Played By The Great Carol Kaye

Whether they knew it or not, every boomer who ever listened to the radio has heard Carol Kaye play. Carol was a studio musician in the 1960s and ’70s, and played on some of the biggest hits of era. Since March is Women’s History Month, Mister Boomer felt it fitting to shine a light on Carol Kaye, especially since her work went uncredited on the hundreds if not thousands of recordings she made.

Carol began her professional career playing guitar as a jazz musician in the late 1940s. In 1957, she was asked to play in a recording session of Sam Cooke’s, Summertime (the flip side of You Send Me). Once Carol realized she could make a lot more money as a session player than playing in jazz groups, she worked practically non-stop. By 1963, she was among the 30 to 60 session musicians known as the “first-call group,” namely, the first people you call.

In the early days of rock & roll, many of the bands and singers were in their teens, and some were hardly experienced in playing their instruments. Yet even those bands with accomplished musicians were subject to the whims of record companies, eager for hits by hedging their bets with professional studio musicians to play in the recordings. It was common for bands and performers from top to bottom, regardless of their musicianship.

As a result, Carol became part of the on-call group of studio musicians she said was often called “The Clique;” she said it was fellow session player Hal Blaine who coined the term, “The Wrecking Crew.” According to Carol, Hal made up a history of the group name which he claimed was supposedly because they were “wrecking” the music business by playing for other musicians. Carol said that story was made up for self-aggrandizement and is why she does not like the term.

When bass player Ray Pohlman left session work to become musical director on the TV show, Shindig! (1966), Carol focused her session work on the electric bass. Among the musicians who played with Carol in this top-level group of session musicians were Hal Blaine, Glen Campbell, Lyle Ritz, Ray Pohlman, Tommy Tedesco and Leon Russel, among others. She was the sole woman in a sea of male session musicians. Carol contributed to a massive array of hits during the boomer era, including, but not limited to:

La Bamba, Ritchie Valens (1958)
Be My Baby, The Ronettes (1963)
… and various other recordings of Phil Spector’s Wall of Sound
Viva Las Vegas, Elvis (1964)
California Girls, The Beach Boys (1965)
Help Me Rhonda, The Beach Boys (1965)
You’ve Lost That Loving Feeling, The Righteous Brothers (1965)
Mr. Tambourine Man, The Byrds (1965)
These Boots Are Made for Walkin’, Nancy Sinatra (1966)

Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme, Simon & Garfunkel (1966)
The Beat Goes On, Sonny & Cher (1967)

Mrs. Robinson, Simon & Garfunkel (1968)
Wichita Lineman, Glenn Campbell (1968)
The Way We Were, Barbra Streisand (1973)

In addition, Carol played — uncredited — on recordings by The Beatles, Frank Sinatra, Mamas and the Papas, the Monkees, and more. By the 1970s, Carol’s session work shifted mainly to soundtracks for TV and movies. In that capacity, she contributed memorable musical lines to Shaft (1971), M.A.S.H. (1970), Mission: Impossible (1966) Bullit (1968), and others.

She went on to become a music educator and wrote several books on playing instruments, especially the bass guitar.

Boomers heard her work, but probably never knew the name behind this monumental figure, let alone she was a woman (oh my)! Rolling Stone magazine named her number five among the 50 Greatest Bass Players of All Time.

Did you know the legend of Carol Kaye in your boomer years, or did you learn about her from recent books and movies like The Wrecking Crew, boomers?

Some Boomer Music Delivered Backhanded Compliments

Another Valentine’s Day has come and gone. Unlike other celebratory days, however, there aren’t many songs recorded that extol its virtues. One that crops up each year is, My Funny Valentine. It’s not a boomer-era song, appearing for the first time in the 1937 Broadway musical, Babes In Arms. It went on to become a jazz standard. Mister Boomer recalls it in particular because his parents called it “their song.”

Evidently they embraced the song during their courtship; by then dozens of entertainers had recorded it. The lyrics, however, have always troubled Mister B:

Your looks are laughable
Unphotographable…

And then further in the song:

Is your figure less than Greek?
Is your mouth a little weak?
When you open it to speak
Are you smart?

Despite the singer finishing by saying, don’t change a thing for me, Mister Boomer, hearing the song year after year, wondered as a teen if that was his father’s view of his mother. It didn’t seem to bother them.

Well, decades have passed, and in the current light, Mister Boomer sees it wasn’t the only song that expressed, shall we say, backhanded compliments toward a significant other. The boomer years added fuel of their own.

Take, for example, If You Wanna Be Happy by Jimmy Soul (1963):

If you want to be happy for the rest of your life
Never make a pretty woman your wife
So for my personal point of view
Get an ugly girl to marry you

Can you imagine what might happen in social media these days if a song was released that had two male voices speaking in the middle:

First male: I saw your wife the other day … Yeah, and she’s ugly!
Second male: Yeah, she’s ugly, but she sure can cook …

In 1966, The Rolling Stones took the compliment out of the backhand, and went straight for the jugular with Stupid Girl. The song, and Aftermath, the entire album on which it was featured, caused controversy then, and still generates conversations today:

It doesn’t matter if she dyes her hair
Or the color of the shoes she wears
She’s the worst thing in this world
Well, look at that stupid girl

A half-decade later, Todd Rundgren sang in We Gotta Get You a Woman (1970):

They may be stupid but they sure are fun

Mr. Rundgren faced immediate pushback that reverberates to this day. He penned an explanation and apology in the liner notes of his next album, and in subsequent interviews though the years. Despite it being his biggest hit, Rundgren refused to play the song live in his concerts.

Now, we all can agree that ugly and stupid people exist in the world, but more than likely, it’s other people’s kids, not ours, and certainly not ourselves. And if we were fond of living, we wouldn’t categorize our spouses in such a manner, either. So what societal mechanisms were in play in the 1960s and ’70s that shrugged off these statements as matter-of-fact for a large segment of the population?

Do you remember these songs, boomers? If so, what did you think then, and has that opinion changed? What are we to make of these backhanded compliments in our boomer-era music?