Boomers Remember the JFK Assassination

It’s incredible to believe that this past week, the U.S. marked the 60th anniversary of the assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. It was November 22, 1963, when Lee Harvey Oswald shot the President from a sixth story window of a book repository in Dallas, Texas as he rode in his motorcade.

The youngest boomers — those born in the last four years of the Baby Boom — were either too young or not yet born in 1963, so their recollection of the day is by historical records rather than personal observation. Those boomers born in the first half of the Baby Boom in the mid-40s and 1950s, however, recall vividly where they were and what they were doing when they heard the news that the President was dead.

Mister Boomer was in elementary school. The first inkling that something big was happening came when he heard what can only be described as wailing and sobbing in the halls of the school. It was the teachers who got the news and were the first to react. Mister Boomer had only heard such an outpouring of sorrow once before, at the death and funeral of his grandfather three years earlier.

Very shortly after Walter Cronkite made his historic announcement on TV that the President had been killed, the school principal got on the PA system to inform the students. Quickly, Mister Boomer’s class was ushered into another classroom in an upper grade, where the students were instructed to sit on the floor while a black-and-white TV on a cart was rolled in. There, the combined classes of kids watched coverage of the assassination on television. A short time later, the students were sent home.

It is sometimes easy to forget that John Kennedy had only taken the oath of office in January of 1961. When he was killed, JFK was looking forward to campaigning for his re-election to a second term. In three short years, his presidency was marked by stunning victories and disappointing failures. Here are some facts about his short time in the White House:

• He was the youngest U.S. President elected; he was 46 at time of his death
• First Roman Catholic President
• Set a goal to surpass the Soviet space program by landing a man on the moon
• Started the Peace Corps and Alliance for Progress to bring American idealism to developing nations
• A student of American history, together with his wife, Jacqueline, highlighted American arts and culture in the White House
• His children (Caroline and John) grew up playing on the White House grounds, and the President was often seen playing with them. The President even had a treehouse built for them on the grounds
• The Bay of Pigs incident in 1960 was a failed covert attempt by Cuban nationalists to overthrow Fidel Castro in Cuba
• Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was a successful embargo around Cuba to prevent the Soviet Union from bringing nuclear weapons into Cuba; led to a test ban treaty in 1963
• Aspired to pass civil rights legislation, which ultimately was championed by his then Vice President and ultimately, his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson. When President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, he said he was doing so to finish the work of JFK
• Proposed and won from Congress a tax cut in 1963 to bolster recovery from an ongoing recession
• Proposed and won legislation to study the causes and possible prevention of intellectual disabilities and treat mental illness

JFK is such an important figure in American history, made even more so by his tragic death. Boomers were there to chronicle the good and the bad.

How about you, boomers? Were you old enough to remember JFK?

Boomers Collected Coins for Fun and Profit

When Mister Boomer was a child, his father was a coin collector, sifted from coins in circulation he would receive as change. He would empty his pockets of pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters, and enlist the help of his children to look through them, one by one, checking dates and mint designations; the Boomer children learned to look for the most-often found mint markings at the time: D meant that coin was minted in Denver, S was San Francisco, and no marking was from Philadelphia (a P was added for Philadelphia in 1979). It was the early 1960s, and it was not uncommon to find circulating coins that were up to 50 years old or, on rare occasion, older.

The first coins issued by the United States government were minted in Philadelphia, and issued in 1793. They were a larger format than our current coins, and made from gold, silver or copper. In 1858, the large format coins were discontinued. Nostalgia for the older coins, and an interest in colonial-era coins, spurred a coin-collecting trend. At that time, coin collecting had more to do with history than it did as a potential financial investment.

During the Great Depression of the 1930s, there was a resurgence of interest in coin collecting that corresponded with the introduction of the first “penny boards.” These pre-printed cardboard sheets had circular slots to hold specifically marked, dates and mints. There were penny cards issued for pennies, dimes and nickels. Many parents of boomers may have acquired their coin-collecting pastime from the process of looking for and filling these cards. Children and adults could examine any coins they had in their possession, whether found on the street or received as change in stores, to “fill their card.”

Baby Boomers became coin collectors in the 1960s. To this day, that was the era when the largest number of people professed to be coin-collecting hobbyists. As in 1858, when there was a change in coinage that prompted a coin collecting response, a similar reaction came in 1964 when the government removed silver from coins. There was so much of a rush to gather pre-1964, silver-laden coins that Congress debated a bill that would ban coin collecting altogether. The bill was ultimately defeated, partly because some blamed coin collecting for a coin shortage, which was later discovered to be not the case; a distribution problem was the culprit. Nonetheless, the government attempted to discourage coin collecting to alleviate the coin shortage by issuing coins without a mint marking. A great many of these coins came from Philadelphia, but other mint locations also issued non-marked coins between 1965 and 1967, when markings were re-established.

It may have been this time period when many boomers became amateur numismatists. By 1966, Mister Boomer had been given coin folders of his own, which were the evolution of the penny boards from decades earlier, introduced in the 1940s.

Mister Boomer still has most of the coin folders of his youthful time collecting, but alas, never located the rarest or most important coins that would secure his retirement. Still, learning the history of the WWII-era 1943 steel penny; the story of the wheat penny and remembering when the Lincoln Memorial was introduced to the back of the one cent piece; the story of the buffalo nickel; and the change from the Mercury head dime to the Roosevelt dime, brings back nostalgia for his hunt for those coins, and interest in American history in the process.

As the number of coin collectors ebbed and flowed through the years, the introduction of U.S. state quarters in 1999 prompted a renewed interest. More recently, during the pandemic, coin collecting enjoyed the highest resurgence in hobbyists since the rush of 1964.

How about you, boomers? Did you collect coins as a child? Do you collect them now?